India’s First COVID-19 Vaccine Candidate Set For Phase I, II Human Trials

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COVAXIN, India's First COVID-19 Vaccine Candidate, Set For Phase I, II Human Trials

COVAXIN, India’s first COVID-19 vaccine candidate, originated in colaboration with ICMR

New Delhi:

A potential COVID-19 vaccine, the first ever to be developed in India, has been given DCGI (Drug Controller General of India) approval for Phase I and II human clinical trials which are scheduled to start out in the united states in July.

Produced by Bharat Biotech in colaboration with ICMR (Indian Council for Medical Research), COVAXIN can be an inactivated vaccine produced from a strain of the infectious SARS-CoV-2 virus which has shown promise in preclinical studies, demonstrating extensive safety and effective immune responses.

Drug manufacturers all over the world are racing to build up a vaccine contrary to the novel coronavirus; a novel virus is one which hasn’t previously been identified in humans, making the duty of fabricating a vaccine that much harder.

India, a respected manufacturer of vaccines and generic medicines, is likely to play an integral role in this race, with several institutes focusing on different drugs.

IN-MAY the federal government said as much as 30 groups were focusing on a vaccine. A high scientific advisor to the federal government said efforts that normally took 15 years and cost US$300 million were being condensed right into a 12-month period.

Similar efforts are increasingly being mounted around the world, with a genuine amount of different drugs in various stages of trial. The other day the planet Health Organisation (WHO) said AstraZeneca’s vaccine was most likely the leading candidate.

The British firm has recently begun large-scale, mid-stage human trials of the drug produced by researchers at University of Oxford.

Other possible vaccines being tested include one by American firm Moderna, that is scheduled to get into Phase III clinical trials from mid-July.

China’s military has been given permission to employ a vaccine candidate developed in colaboration with CanSino Biologics. In accordance with Reuters the drug showed some promise in early clinical trials. The Ad5-nCoV is among the eight vaccine candidates produced by Chinese firms to go into human trials.

Early last month US-based biopharmaceutical firm Gilead Sciences Inc. said a five-day span of its antiviral drug Remdesivir showed a modest benefit to patients with moderate COVID-19 symptoms.

The drug, that is administered intravenously, was the first ever to show improvement in condition of COVID-19 patients in formal clinical trials, in accordance with news agency Reuters.

As scientists and pharma firms scramble to get that big breakthrough, that could mean both millions in millions and profits of lives saved, experts have warned that early vaccines will come with limitations on which they are able to do.

The pandemic has recently claimed over five lakh victims worldwide, including 16,475 in India. You can find over 1.01 crore confirmed cases, including nearly 5.5 lakh in India – the fourth worst-affected country.

With input from Reuters

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